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Sunday, November 15, 2020 | History

5 edition of Performance models for spatial and locational cognition found in the catalog.

Performance models for spatial and locational cognition

Perry W. Thorndyke

Performance models for spatial and locational cognition

a report prepared for the Office of Naval Research

by Perry W. Thorndyke

  • 194 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by Rand in Santa Monica, CA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Spatial behavior,
  • Geographical perception,
  • Maps, Military,
  • Navigation -- Psychological aspects

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 19.

    StatementPerry W. Thorndyke, with the assistance of Barbara Hayes-Roth and Cathleen Stasz.
    Series[Report] - Rand Corporation ; R-2676-ONR
    ContributionsHayes-Roth, Barbara, joint author., Stasz, Cathleen, 1947- joint author., United States. Office of Naval Research.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsAS36 .R3 R-2676, BF469 .R3 R-2676
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 19, 10 p. ;
    Number of Pages19
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4113008M
    ISBN 100833002872
    LC Control Number80028101

    A major event in the field of spatial cognition and its neurobiological bases has been the discovery of a population of hippocampal neurons, the properties of which reflect unambiguously the encoding of the animal’s location in the environment. They were christened “place-cells” by O’Keefe and Dostrovski who discovered them in Cognitive functions include; perception, attention, memory, motor skills, language, executive functions, and visual-spatial processing. Visual spatial processing is an individual’s ability to process visual stimuli to comprehend spatial relationships between objects and to visualize different scenarios or images.


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Performance models for spatial and locational cognition by Perry W. Thorndyke Download PDF EPUB FB2

PDF | On Jan 1,P. Thorndyke published Performance Models for Spatial and Locational Cognition | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate.

Spatial cognition as a subdiscipline of cognition falls under a category referred to as domain-specific cognition. This category has an isolating effect. This category has an isolating effect. Performance models for spatial and locational cognition book It suggests work that is narrowly focused, thus carrying implications for how the larger field of Cognitive Science views spatial cognition research.

Bringing together notable experts on a variety of topics, such as neuroscience, perception, memory, and language, this book offers a broad yet detailed overview of spatial cognition, a field that studies how humans and animals acquire and utilize knowledge from their : Summarizes a three-year investigation of the knowledge and processes people use to learn and make spatial judgments in large-scale environments.

Experiments in map learning indicated that both the use of effective study procedures and visual memory ability determine success at learning a by: ied maps instead of descriptions, and their performance was comparable to that of descrip- tion subjects on all tasks.

Readers apparently form the same spatial mental models capturing the spatial relations between landmarks from both survey and route descriptions, and from maps.

0 Academic press, Inc. How does knowledge of the body in space relate to an understanding of space itself. Spatial cognition is discussed from two closely related perspectives: the internal mapping of external stimuli (e.g., landmarks and sensory perception of environmental information) and the internal mapping of internally perceived stimuli (e.g., kinesthetic and visual imagery), and their subsequent effects on.

Cognitive Maps and Spatial Behaviour: Process and Products Roger M. Downs and David Stea piece is informed by a communications model of information locational and attribute information, the role of incomplete, distorted, schematised, and augmented cognitive maps, and.

The relationships between perception and imagery, imagery and spatial processes, memory and action: These are the main themes of this text The interest of experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience on imagery and spatial cognition is remarkably increased in the last decades.

Different areas of research contribute to the clarification of the multiple cognitive processes. By collective spatial cognition, we refer to a wide range of phenomena in which people solve spatial problems in human collectives, from dyads to multi-team systems to crowds.

Spatial problems include a broad array of activities, including navigation and wayfinding, spatial knowledge acquisition, location allocation and planning, design, and. Title: Performance Models for Spatial and Locational Cognition Author: Perry W.

Thorndyke Subject: Summarizes a three-year investigation of the knowledge and processes people use to learn and make spatial judgments in large-scale environments. Models of spatial cognition describe the representations of processes that relate to location based behaviour such as navigation from one place to another (Hartley and Burgess, ).

Spatial. Spatial cognition embraces a range of mental representations of spatial relations in the external world. It includes the manipulation and orientation of single objects (e.g., mental rotation and knowing the location of an object relative to a reference point such as the body) and spatial orientation, which is orienting in large-scale space (e.g.

In cognitive psychology and neuroscience, spatial memory is a form of memory responsible for the recording of information about one's environment and spatial orientation. For example, a person's spatial memory is required in order to navigate around a familiar city, just as a rat's spatial memory is needed to learn the location of food at the end of a maze.

Researchers from a wide range of disciplines, including neuroscience, cognition, and sociology, have discovered a great deal about how humans and other animals sense, interpret, behave in, and communicate about space. This book addresses some of the most important dimensions of spatial cognition, such as neurology, perception, memory, and : Hardcover.

Space and Spatial Cognition provides an up-to-date introduction to the elements of human navigation and the mental representation of our environment. This book explores the mental capacities which enable us to create shortcuts, imagine new pathways, and thus demonstrate our adaptation to the environment.

Spatial cognition is concerned with the acquisition, organization, utilization, and revision of knowledge about spatial environments.

These capabilities enable individuals to manage basic and high-level cognitive tasks in everyday life. Numerous disciplines (such as Cognitive Psychology, Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence, Geographic Information Science, Cartography, etc.) work together to.

A groundbreaking argument challenging the traditional linguistic representational model of cognition proposes that representational states should be conceptualized as the cognitive equivalent of scale models.

In this groundbreaking book, Jonathan Waskan challenges cognitive science's dominant model of mental representation and proposes a novel, well-devised alternative. Soil respiration (R s) represents the largest flux of CO2 from terrestrial ecosystems to the atmosphere, but its spatial and temporal changes as well as the driving forces are not well understood.

We derived a product of annual global R s from to at 1 km by 1 km spatial resolution using remote sensing data and biome-specific statistical models.

Spatial cognition brings together a variety of - search methodologies: empirical investigations on human and animal orientation and navigation; studies of communicating spatial knowledge using language and graphical or other pictorial means; the development of formal models for r- resenting and processing spatial knowledge; and computer.

Imagery and Spatial Cognition Methods, models and cognitive assessment. Editors. and to the definition of the neurophysiological mechanisms underpinning these cognitive functions. The aim of this book is to provide the reader (post-graduate students as well as experts) with a complete overview of this field of research.

“The chapters. As a researcher in cognitive psychology, he mainly studied the processes of mental representation involved in visual imagery and spatial cognition. He is the author of about scientific publications in international journals and booksThis text refers to the hardcover cturer: Routledge.

Spatial cognition V: Reasoning, action, interaction. Berlin: Springer, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence A conceptual model of the cognitive processing of environmental distance information. In K. Hornsby, C. Claramunt, M.

Denis, Individual differences in aptitude-test performance and spatial-layout learning. The spatial conceptualization of time has, in particular, been studied by both experimentalists and cognitive linguists in such great detail that time is postulated to be “the model system of choice for linguistic and psychological tests of relationships between metaphorical source and target domains” (Casasanto, ).

Spatial cognition is especially sensitive to age-related cognitive decline with age-related deficits reported in spatial learning and memory, and reversal learning [5,6]. Exposure to environmental stressors may be a driving factor in the differential susceptibility to age-related cognitive decline [ 7 ].

Neuroscience has pointed to the role of certain brain structures in the maintenance of orientation and has uncovered evidence for neurons that fire preferentially in response to an animal’s location or heading. Artificial intelligence researchers develop computer models that test theories of navigational cognition or just create competent robots.

Pacer, M.; Carstensen A.; Regier, T. "Grounding spatial language in non-linguistic cognition: Evidence for universal and relative spatial semantics in thought and language.", 09/01//31/, "Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Dolins discusses the historical trajectory of spatial cognitive and per-ceptual research. Chapter 3 by Cheng elucidates diverse models of spatial cognition and details underlying commonalities between spa-tial and other forms of cognition, between spatial cognition and per-ception.

It addresses the question of where spatial cognition falls. Neuroscientific dimensions of spatial cognition. Hippocampus and related areas: what the place cell literature tells us about cognitive maps in rats and humans / A. David Redish and Arne Ekstrom ; Parietal contributions to spatial cognition / Raymond P.

Kesner and Sarah H. Creem-Regehr; pt. In the different model configurations, I control for location in different ways, to show how the influence of well-design variables may be biased when the spatial resolution of the models is inadequate.

Here, location acts as a proxy for geological properties/reservoir quality. Studying PSY Cognition and Human Performance at Swinburne University of Technology. On StuDocu you find all the study guides, past exams and lecture notes for this course.

Before beginning the presentation of models of geographic knowledge and spatial cognition, it is appropriate to provide definitions of some fundamental terms and associated concepts.

Cognition. Cognition is difficult to define, but is commonly used to refer to a wide range of mental processes—thought, reasoning, memory, perception, etc. Spatial Cognition and Team Performance Spatial cognition is concerned with the acquisition, organization, utilization, and revision of knowledge about spatial environments.

These capabilities enable humans to manage basic and high-level cognitive tasks in everyday life. Numerous disciplines work together to understand spatial cognition in. The research on cognitive mapping is generally high in ecological validity.

Spatial cognition is a topic within cognitive mapping that deals exclusively with table-top models. So far, almost all of the research on cognitive mapping has been confined to people's knowledge. Kindergarten students benefit from robust spatial skills and geometry education.

The simple act of documenting the mathematics learning in my kindergarten students’ block and puzzle play has led me to some revelations about my three- four- five- and six-year-old students.

They are capable of relatively sophisticated spatial skills such as mental rotation, symmetry, perspective-taking, use. This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Spatial Cognition, Spatial Cognitionheld in Bremen, Germany, in September The 27 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully selected and reviewed from 53 submissions.

Nature and nurture: How hormones and practice effect spatial performance People often assume that spatial intelligence is a biologically-determined cognitive trait, a gift you either have or don't. This attitude may stem, in part, from observed sex differences.

This is the seventh volume of a series of books on fundamental research in spatial cognition. As with past volumes, the research presented here spans a broad range of research traditions, for spatial cognition concerns not just the basic spatial behavior of biological and artificial agents, but also the reasoning processes that allow spatial planning across broad spatial and temporal scales.

efficient mental models of objects from verbal descriptions in textbooks or instruction. In some fields, textbooks and instruction materials have been developed that are explicitly designed to use spatial skills as a key to mastering the subject matter.

Several such books are listed in the Readings section at the end of this document. Contributors list --Preface --Introduction. frameworks for understanding spatial thought: wrapping our heads around space. by david waller & lynn nadel --Neuroscientific dimensions of spatial cognition --Hippocampus and related areas: what the place cell literature tells us about cognitive maps in rats and humans / by A.

David Redish & Arne. Spatial ability involves being aware of the location and dimensions of objects and their relationships to one another.

It is core to everyday living (e.g., giving directions, or packing a suitcase). Research from my group and others has shown that it is also a strong predictor of a person’s mathematics and science abilities – those who. This paper’s primary contribution centers around the discovery that individual spatial cognition significantly influenced the pipefitter’s performance, but the format of information can neutralize the effect.

Both the information format and spatial cognition significantly influenced performance. The Development of Spatial Cognition.

DOI link for The Development of Spatial Cognition The Development of Spatial Cognition. DOI link for The Development of Spatial Cognition. The Development of Spatial Cognition book. Edited By Robert Cohen. eBook Published 21 August Pub. location New York. Imprint Psychology Press.

DOI https.Location theory, in economics and geography, theory concerned with the geographic location of economic activity; it has become an integral part of economic geography, regional science, and spatial on theory addresses the questions of what economic activities are located where and why.

The location of economic activities can be determined on a broad level such as a region or.